Understanding the Role and Impact of Foreign Domestic Helpers on Global Economies.

Foreign domestic helpers (FDH) are a crucial part of many households in different parts of the world. These individuals come to foreign countries to work for families, providing important services such as child care, cleaning, and cooking. As part of this role, FDHs also have certain rights and responsibilities that must be understood and respected by both the employers and government agencies. In this article, we will take a closer look at these rights and responsibilities, and their significance in the lives of Foreign domestic helper (外傭).

Understanding the Rights of FDHs

As a foreign domestic helper, understanding your rights is crucial to ensure that you are being treated fairly in the country you are working in. One of the most important rights for FDHs is the right to a minimum wage. This is the lowest wage that employers are allowed to pay, and it is set by the government based on the cost of living in the area. Additionally, FDHs also have the right to a weekly rest day, which is usually a day off each week.

Other important rights of foreign domestic helpers include the freedom to choose where they want to work, the right to safe and clean accommodation, health and medical benefits, and access to the justice system in case of any dispute with their employers.

Responsibilities of FDHs

Responsibilities of foreign domestic helpers mainly revolve around providing high-quality services to their employers while maintaining a healthy and professional working relationship. Common responsibilities include taking good care of children and elderly family members, keeping the house clean and organized, preparing meals, and running errands for the household.

In addition, FDHs are obligated to respect the local laws and customs of the country they are working in, as well as the rules and regulations set forth by their employment agency. Any violation of these rules can result in disciplinary action, and in some cases, termination of their employment contract.

Legal Rights and Protections

Various forms of legal protection also apply to foreign domestic helpers. These include regulations and legislation to protect their rights and well-being, such as the Domestic Employees Bill of Rights. Under this bill, FDHs are given legal protections that are intended to prevent any harassment, exploitation, or abuse from their employers.

In addition, FDHs are also protected by labour laws that cover work hours, employment contracts, and other essential conditions of work. They can also seek assistance from government agencies such as the labour department, consulate, and embassy, should they require legal assistance or advice.

Challenges in the Lives of FDHs

Despite these protections, FDHs still face several challenges in their daily lives. These include long working hours, living in cramped living quarters, a lack of privacy, and the social and cultural isolation of being a foreigner in a foreign land. The language barrier can also be challenging, particularly if the employer speaks a different language.

Moreover, some employers may choose to mistreat their FDHs, underpay them and even confiscate their passports as a form of control. However, several organizations exist to provide support to these individuals. These organisations offer legal advice, advocacy, and counselling to help overcome any challenges that they encounter.


In conclusion, understanding the rights and responsibilities of foreign domestic helpers is vital, both for employers and employees. By being aware of these guidelines and regulations, employers can provide a respectful and welcoming workspace for their FDHs. On the other hand, FDHs can work with confidence in knowing that they have legal protections and support services available. We must all take these responsibilities seriously to protect the dignity and rights of foreign domestic helpers.